11 problems for eye/how eyeglasses fix the eye problem
Someone wearing a pair of eyeglasses is a common occurrence these days, similar to a woman wrapped in fur in winters. Eye problems can be myriad, with most of them resulting in vision impairment. The most common eyesight problems that often result in vision loss include cataracts, glaucoma and refractive errors. Cataract continues to be the most common cause of blindness while glaucoma and refractive errors can impede your ability to see.
The common eye problems that many people complain of are:
Eyestrain: Most people suffer from eye strain or tiredness in the eyes either because of constant driving or reading for long hours. As opposed to the myth of eye strain being a disease, this is essentially a symptom of an impending eye problem that has been ignored and needs immediate attention.
Common characteristics of eye strain include a feeling of discomfort caused by looking at something for a prolonged period. The eye strain problem is not too significant, and you can treat it by shutting your eyes intermittently. Sometimes, it is the nature of the job that causes unwanted eye strain. Though a sudden change of the organisation or profile makes no sense, implement simple steps to minimise eye strain and subsequent eye pain.
Refractive errors: It is a common eye disorder that affects your ability to view images around you. The vision is blurry and, at times, so extreme that it leads to partial or complete vision impairment.
The four most common refractive errors include:
- Myopia (nearsightedness): Difficulty in seeing distant objects
- Hyperopia (farsightedness): Difficulty in seeing close objects
- Astigmatism: Distorted vision due to an irregularly curved cornea
- Presbyopia: This is when you are unable to read or view things at arm’s length. This problem is common among aged people and is attributed to weakened vision due to ageing.
Dry eye syndrome: Eyes help you to see the brighter side; they also help express grief and pain through tears. However, many people complain of dryness in the eyes as the tears are not enough to keep the eyes lubricated.
Doctors explain that the tears can be inadequate for myriad reasons. The loss of fluidity owing to tear instability may result in eye inflammation and damage to their surfaces. The common signs of dry eyes problem include:
- Burning, stinging or scratching sensation in the eyes
- Stringy mucus in or around your eyes
- Sensitivity to light
- Redness in the eyes
- Constant itching feeling in the eyes
- Difficulty in wearing contact lenses
- Difficulty in driving at night
- Watery eyes
- Blurred vision due to eye fatigue
Night blindness: Also called Nyctalopia, night blindness impedes your ability to see well at night or poorly lit places like movie theatres and restaurants. This problem restricts the ability to adapt to a poorly illuminated area from a well-illuminated environment.
Night blindness is not a disease but a symptom of a possible underlying eye problem affecting the retina. A common optical issue associated with poor night vision, this problem affects many people suffering from:
- Retinitis pigmentosa
- Vitamin A deficiency
- Conjunctivitis (allergic/ bacterial/viral): If you know about the "Pink Eye" syndrome, then you know what Conjunctivitis is. This infection of the transparent membrane is also called the Conjunctiva beneath the eyelids. If you suffer from pink eye problems, either one or both of your eyes may become red, itchy and watery.
- Amblyopia: This is the ‘Lazy Eye’ syndrome in which the vision in one of the eyes is considerably reduced due to vision problems early in life. The abnormal vision development often causes a weaker or lazy eye that often wanders inward or outward. This is a leading cause of vision impairment in children though this problem rarely affects both the eyes.
Eye floaters: Think about the spots in your vision that impede your eyesight. You may visualise black or grey specks, strings, or cobwebs that drift about while moving your eyes. However, these appear to disappear when you try to look at them directly.
It is an age-related illness that begets immediate treatment, lest it deteriorates and causes you to lose your peripheral vision. The common signs of eye floaters include:
- Unexplained spots that move when you move your eyes and disappear when you try to look at them.
- Prominent appearance of spots when you are viewing a plain, bright background.
- Small shapes or strings that settle down gradually and move out of the line of vision
- The appearance of dark specks or knobby strings of transparent grey material
- Retinal disease: The retina is the light-sensitive membrane in the back of your eyes that relays the images to the brain. You must ensure that no retinal disorder goes untreated unless it deteriorates to the point of blindness.
The common retinal disorders include macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease, retinal detachment, and retinitis pigmentosa. Though other conditions can affect the retina and your vision, these problems are more critical and need immediate attention.
- Cataract: The clouding on the eye lens is a common problem that affects individuals of both genders as they age. In most instances, the cataract problem slowly builds up over time, causing blurry vision. Optometrists recommend surgical treatment to remove the cataract from the eye lens, thus, restoring your vision.
- Glaucoma: Your optic nerve may be damaged owing to many eye conditions or because of extremely high pressure in your eye. Generally, it affects people above 60 years of age and is one of the common causes of blindness in old patients; anyone can suffer from this disease irrespective of age.
Your optic nerve may be damaged owing to many eye conditions or because of extremely high pressure in your eye. Generally, it affects people above 60 years of age and is one of the common causes of blindness in old patients; anyone can suffer from this disease irrespective of age. Some initial signs of this disease include severe headaches, eye pain, blurred vision, nausea or vomiting, redness in the eyes, and seeing halos around lights.
- Strabismus: This entails an unusual disability of the eyes to look at the same point simultaneously. The symptoms of this problem are evident during early childhood that is often called crossed-eyes, walleye, or squint. This problem occurs when the eye muscles do not work in coordination to control eye movement.
Correcting vision through eyeglasses
In this age of digital dependence, suffering from refractive errors is common. Preventing these eye problems is challenging, but you can treat them using corrective glasses fitted in proper eyeglasses frames.
Optometrists recommend their patients wear these eyeglasses as corrective measures to treat vision impairment and ensure the development of an excellent visual function.
Eye professionals recommend different kinds of correction measures depending on the nature and grievousness of the defect, age of the patient and job requirements.
If you suffer from a dry eyes problem, use dry eyeglasses for instant relief. Designed to cover the entire surface area of the face near the eyes, they are 100% natural and keep your eyes comfortable. Dry eyeglasses:
- Ensure comfort to the eyes and tear film stability
- Keep eyes protected compared to artificial tears
- Serve as a valuable adjunct for Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
Night blindness is another problem that one can treat by wearing non-prescription eyeglasses with a yellow tint on their lenses. Those finding it difficult to drive at night must prefer night driving glasses with an anti-reflective coating.
However, if you are Myopic or suffer from other eye problems, you must get your eyes tested for prescription glasses. Insist on regular checkups and visit your doctor if your vision changes or tends to deteriorate at night.
Conjunctivitis patients often complain of uneasiness when exposed to bright light. For immediate relief, such people may wear dark glasses that block bright light or UV rays from entering into the eyes. Also, since this infection can spread through touch, you must avoid wearing or using eyeglasses worn by an infected person.
Optometrists recommend eyeglasses to Amblyopia patients to improve their quality of life. They first examine the affected eye of the patient and then recommend a prescription for corrective eyewear.
Eye floater is a common problem that you can minimise by using dark eyeglasses. Since floaters are more noticeable in bright sunlight, optometrists may recommend dark lenses to reduce the glare and protect your eyes from bright light conditions.
Eye problems like detached retinas are a common concern. Transplants are not advisable as prolonged problems with retinal detachments cannot be repaired. Optometrists hence recommend eyeglasses with photochromic lenses or other tinted glasses that reflect off the glare.
Removal of cataracts is an outpatient procedure involving one or multiple surgeries depending on the grievousness of the problem. Until the cataract gets removed, doctors recommend prescription eyeglasses to correct blurry vision and other vision problems that trigger because of it.
The primary method to treat glaucoma is administering eye drops that reduce the pressure in the affected eye(s). However, optometrists also recommend special eyeglasses coupled with contact lenses for treatment. This method is easy and comfortable and preferred for its non-invasive way of treating the problem.
Common among both children and adults, optometrists recommend special eyeglasses to people showing signs of Strabismus. These glasses are prismatic glasses that eyewear specialists recommend in addition to specialised exercises advised to treat eye coordination.
Also, the patient may be far-sighted, thus, forcing the eye muscles to contract for viewing objects in proximity. Contraction of the brain muscles causes the eye to turn inward. Hence glasses are used to straighten the eye(s) temporarily.
Eye problems are common across people who complain of vision disability or impairment in the long run. You can determine every vision problem by understanding and reading into the symptoms and getting treatment accordingly.
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